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Although, there are lots of definitions of Social Forestry, this sounds to encompass almost all the aspects that are fundamentally pertinent. Social Forestry is the Forestry outside the Conventional Forestry that aims at providing continuous flow of goods and services for the benefit of the rural people by managing forests of their choice. While the Conventional Forestry seemingly targets on a single, usually timber, the Social Forestry has manifold targets: timber, fuelwood, fodder, wild vegetables, fruits, water etc., to cover almost all the needs of the people.

Guiding Principles:

It should ensure to cater to the needs of the rural people

People's participation in planning and managing forest resources is a prerequisite

It should contribute to socio-economic, as well as ecological development of the people through employment, economic growth and better quality of life

It should target the unprivileged falling under rural population, landless poor, marginal farmers and agricultural labourers.

Components of Social Forestry

  • Farm Forestry or Private Forestry
  • Community Forestry or Extension Forestry
  • Agroforestry
  • Recreational Forestry