Farming practices in Bhutan are largely traditional with minimal use of synthetic chemical fertilizers and plant protection chemicals. The agriculture chemicals are mainly used for paddy, potato, apples, citrus and some seasonal vegetables such as cabbage, brocoli and green leafy crops. The use of chemicals are confined mostly in pockets which have easy access to transportation and where farmers are relatively affluent.
Farming system practiced in Bhutan is subsistence and intergrates livestock, crop and in some areas forestry. Large scale or commercial production is constrained by limited landholding size and also due to rugged terrains. The average landholding size is only 2.3 acres per farming household. However, the with the increasing demand for food the government is, of late, encouraging commercial farming.
Due to small landholding size and farming being largely traditional, organic farming seems to be a viable option for Bhutan.