Mediciaml Aromatic Plants and Spices - Module Descriptor


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Module Descriptor


Module: Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
Code: HC 22
Credit : 6 (60 hours)
Purpose and Focus of the Module: The module aims to provide students with a knowledge and understanding of diversity of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants and their sustainable utilization and conservation strategies. The module also includes cultivation techniques of some of the commercially important medicinal and aromatic plants and spices.

 

Learning Objectives
Unit
Topics / Information Elements
Credit Hours
Remarks
CR
PR
AS
SS
Describe the status and importance of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant (MAP) industry.
 
 Explain various types systems of nature care and therapy and the use of MAP.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Introduction
Medicinal and aromatic plants: An overview 
·      Introduction and history of Medicinal plants.
·      Opportunities and challenges
·      International Trade
·      Role of MAP in Bhutan and MAP program
Systems of nature care, therapy and use of MAP
·      Ayurveda, homeopathy, siddha, unani, acupuncture, naturopathy, aromatherapy, etc
·      Bhutanese traditional system
3
 
1
1
 
Prepare herbarium on the identification of MAP species.
 
Classification and identification of MAP species based on :
·      On family, species, genus,
·      Traditional and herbal uses of the species,
·       Habitat, distribution, abundance and threat status in Bhutan and globally
 
1
2
3
1
 
 Explain the importance of MAP conservation and conservation strategies employed.
 
 
 
Conservation of MAP
·         Importance of conservation
Conservation Models
·       In situ conservation
·       Regulation on wild collection
·       Ex situ conservation
·    Ethnomedicinal plantgardens
·    Gene banks
·    Nursery network
·    Cultivation
·    Community based enterprises
·    Research and training
·    Databases and herbarium
Issues on MAP use
· Indigenous knowledge and Intellectual property rights
· Health and safety issues of herbal medicine
 
2
 
2
3
 
 Describe conservation strategies operational in Bhutan for MAP.
Resource management and sustainable utilization in Bhutan
·      Forestry and Nature conservation act of Bhutan and MAP area mapping and quantifying population densities,
·      Permit systems, royalties, collection sites and collection schedules,
·      Collection training, collectors communities in Bhutan.
 
2
 
 
1
 
 Explain MAP production practices.
 
 Demonstrate competence in growing some of the MAP species.
 
 Develop a calendar for cultural management of commercially important MAP herb garden
 
Maintain a ‘Grower’s Record’.
MAP Production Technology
MAP production technology
  • Origin and distribution
  • Parts used
  • Crop characteristics
  • Medicinal uses
  • Habitat
  • Location
Recommended production technologies for domestication
·         Site selection
·         Sowing/nursery raising
·         Field preparation and transplanting
·         Nutrient and water management
·         Plant protection
·         Post harvest operations and value addition eg. Herbal tea
·         Quality control
·         Phytosanitary certificates
·         marketing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carthamus tinctoris L. (Safflower)
2
2
 
 
Field visits to NITM/ITMS/RNR RCs
Carum carvi L. (Caraway)
1
2
 
 
Saussurea lappa Clarke (Kuth)
1
2
 
 
Dracocephalum tanguiticum ( Tibetan dragons head Maxium)
2
1
 
 
Abelmoschus moschatus Medic( Musk mallow)
1
1
 
 
Inula racemose
1
1
 
 
Cordyceps sinensis( Cordyceps mushroom)
2
 
 
 
Based on its importance in Bhutan it is covered in MAP
Species in pipeline for cultivation in Bhutan
 
2
 
 
 
 
 Describe the sustainable harvesting and aftercare of lemon grass in wild.
 
Explain the distillation procedures and the market opportunity for lemon grass
 
Evaluate production potential of other essential oils from Bhutan
 
Essential oils
 
Essential oils
·      Lemon grass in East Bhutan,
·      Raw material collection, permit systems, distillation process, purification, marketing and trade.
 
·      Production potential of other essential oils from Bhutan
 
2
1
1
 
 
Explain the importance of spices in terms of economy and food habit.
 
 Explain correctly the establishment and management practices of different spice crops.
Spices
Ø      Cardamom
Ø      Blackpepper
Ø      Ginger
Introduction and importance
Cultivation practices
  • Propagation and nursery raising
  • Field preparation and transplanting
  • Nutrient and water management
  • Intercultural operations and plant protection
Harvesting grading and packaging and marketing.
 
6
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
2
 
TOTAL
 
 
28
15
9
8
60

CR= Classroom - includes direct contact hours with lecturer through lecture, group works, presentation, demonstration etc that takes place inside classroom;
PR = Practical - includes both contact and non-contact hours specified for laboratory exercise, farms, field visits, attachments etc that takes away from the classroom;
AS = Assignment - includes non-contact hours for group discussion, reading and information seeking to prepare written report for submission to be assessed and marked.
SS = Self study - includes reading lecture notes, referencing from library, preparing for examination, group discussion for clarification without lecturer direct supervision.